Heroin is an addictive drug, and thus has caused a serious problem in America. The recent studies suggest a shift from
injecting heroin to snorting or smoking because of increased purity and the misconception that these forms are safer.
Heroin is processed from morphine, a natural occurring substance extracted from the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant.
Heroin is usually a white or brown powder, and tastes bitter.
Here are some other names for Heroin:
Dead on arrival
Nice and easy
Heroin use can lead to scarred and/or collapsed veins, bacterial infections of the blood vessels and heart valves, abscesses
and other soft-tissue infections. Along with that is liver or kidney disease. Poor health conditions and depressed respiration
from heroin use can cause lung complications, including various types of pneumonia and tuberculosis. Long term effects of
heroin use can include arthritis and other rheumatologic problems and infection of blood borne pathogens, such as AIDS and
HIV, along with hepatitis B and C.
Heroin use by pregnant women can result in a miscarriage or even premature delivery. Heroin exposure to he uteri can
increase the newborns risk of SIDS(sudden infant death syndrome.)
Heroin is often cut with other substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, strychnine and other poisons and drugs.
These added substances may not dissolved when injected in the users system and can clog the blood vessels that lead to the
lungs, liver, kidneys, or brain, infecting or killing patches of cells in the vital organs. So in conclusion drug users may
bot know their heroins actual strength or its true contents that could lead to overdose or death.
The effects of heroin is that of the effect is felt within 7-8 seconds when injected. When it is snorted or smoked it
takes longer, normally about 10 to 15 minutes.
After ingestion, heroin crosses the blood-brain barrier. While in the brain, heroin converts to morphine and binds rapidly
to opioid receptors. Users tend to report feeling a “rush” or a surge of pleasurable sensations. The feeling varies
in intensity depending on how much of the drug was ingested and how rapidly the drug enters the brain and binds to the natural
opioid receptors. The rush is usually accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and a heavy feeling in the user’s
arms and legs. The user may also experience nausea, vomiting, and severe itching. Following the initial effects, the user
will be drowsy for several hours with clouded mental function and slow cardiac function. Breathing is slowed, possibly to
the point of death.
Repeated heroin use produces tolerance and physical dependence. Physical dependence causes the user’s body to adapt
to the presence of the drug and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced. Withdrawal symptoms begin within a few hours
of last use and can include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps,
and involuntary leg movements. These symptoms peak between 24 and 48 hours after the last dose and subside after about a week,
but may persist for up to a month. Heroin withdrawal is not usually fatal in an otherwise healthy adult, but can cause death
to the fetus of a pregnant addict.