LSD is short for Lysergic acid diethylamide. It is one of the major drugs that are in the hallucinogen class. LSD was
discovered back in 1938 and is one of the most mood changing chemicals. It was made from lysergic acid, which is found in
ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.
LSD is commonly referred to as "acid" and is sold on streets in tablets, capsules, and occasionally in liquid form. Its
odorless, colorless, and has a slightly bitter taste and is usually taken by mouth. LSD is often added to absorbent paper,
such as blotter paper, and divided into small decorated squares. Each square represents one dose. The drug enforcement Administration
reports that the strength of LSD samples that were currently obtained by illicit sources ranged from 20-80 milligrams of LSD
The effects of LSD are unpredictable. They depend on the amount taken; the user's personality, mood, and expectations;
and the surroundings in which the drug is used. Usually, the user feels the first effects of the drug 30 to 90 minutes after
taking it. The physical effects include dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure,
sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, and tremors.
Sensations and feelings change much more dramatically than the physical signs. The user may feel several different emotions
at once or swing rapidly from one emotion to another. If taken in a large enough dose, the drug produces delusions and visual
hallucinations. The user's sense of time and self changes. Sensations may seem to "cross over," giving the user the feeling
of hearing colors and seeing sounds. These changes can be frightening and can cause panic.
Users refer to their experience
with LSD as a "trip" and to acute adverse reactions as a "bad trip." These experiences are long; typically they begin to clear
after about 12 hours.
Some LSD users experience severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control, fear of insanity and death,
and despair while using LSD. Some fatal accidents have occurred during states of LSD intoxication.
Many LSD users experience
flashbacks, recurrence of certain aspects of a person's experience, without the user having taken the drug again. A flashback
occurs suddenly, often without warning, and may occur within a few days or more than a year after LSD use. Flashbacks usually
occur in people who use hallucinogens chronically or have an underlying personality problem; however, otherwise healthy people
who use LSD occasionally may also have flashbacks. Bad trips and flashbacks are only part of the risks of LSD use. LSD users
may manifest relatively long-lasting psychoses, such as schizophrenia or severe depression. It is difficult to determine the
extent and mechanism of the LSD involvement in these illnesses.
Most users of LSD voluntarily decrease or stop its
use over time. LSD is not considered an addictive drug since it does not produce compulsive drug-seeking behavior, as do cocaine,
amphetamine, heroin, alcohol, and nicotine. However, like many of the addictive drugs, LSD produces tolerance, so some users
who take the drug repeatedly must take progressively higher doses to achieve the state of intoxication that they had previously
achieved. This is an extremely dangerous practice, given the unpredictability of the drug.
|Below is what an LSD molecule looks like
|Different forms of LSD are shown below
|more types of LSD